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All posts by Michael Brown

Headaches May Lead to Impaired Brain Function Later in Life…

Following a review of data from six published studies that included a total of 291,549 participants, researchers report that individuals with a history of headaches may have a 24% elevated risk for dementia. Though further research is necessary to identify the nature of the relationship between the two disorders, the research team notes that previous research has demonstrated that chronic headaches may lead to changes in the brain which could set the stage for cognitive impairment over time.
Journal of Headache and Pain, October 2018

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Does Spinal Manipulation Improve Pulmonary Function?

 Thoracic spinal manipulation may improve pulmonary function in stroke patients. In this study, researchers tested the pulmonary function of 36 stroke patients before and after they received either a thoracic spinal adjustment or a sham treatment. The participants in the thoracic manipulation group experienced significant improvements in forced vital capacity and forced expiratory volume at one second.
Journal of Manipulative Physiological Therapeutics, August 2018

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Whiplash Sufferers and Chronic Pain…

Current research estimates that about 20% of whiplash patients will go on to experience chronic pain. In this study, researchers compared the number of painful locations and pain intensity between patients with chronic whiplash and patients with other types of chronic pain. The investigators found that whiplash sufferers had a higher number of painful locations and felt pain more intensely than the other participants. The results underscore the need for patients who sustain a whiplash injury to get appropriate treatment to reduce their risk for developing chronic pain.
Scandinavian Journal of Pain, July 2018

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Back Pain and Mobility Problems Are Common During Pregnancy.

 The sacroiliac joints are located between the sacrum and the ilia which make up the pelvis. Among a group of 1,500 pregnant women, researchers found nearly 80% were diagnosed with sacroiliac dysfunction—which can lead to both pain and reduced mobility. The researchers suspect the combination of weight gain and a loosening of ligaments is most likely to blame for the prevalence of sacroiliac dysfunction among expectant mothers. Osteopaths are trained to treat this condition with spinal manipulative therapy.
International Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics, June 2018

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Spinal Manipulation Benefits Common Low Back Conditions.

A recent study investigated the effects of spinal manipulation of the lumbar and sacroiliac joints in twenty patients with lumbar disc herniation combined with lack of sacroiliac motion (hypomobility). The patients received five spinal manipulations over a two-week period, which led to significant improvements in back and leg pain that persisted up to one month following their final treatment. The results show that spinal manipulation can be beneficial in the management of pain and functional disability in patients with lumbar disc herniation and SIJ hypomobility.
Manual Therapies, May 2018

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Head Posture Can Affect Nerves.

Head Posture Can Affect Nerves.
Forward head posture is a common problem associated with musculoskeletal pain, but does it also affect the nervous system? A recent study evaluated nerve function in 100 patients with neck and upper extremity problems as well as 34 healthy controls. The researchers found that those with a forward head posture exhibited significant nerve conduction differences in the median and ulnar nerves, both of which extend through the neck to the shoulder and down the arms to the hands and fingers. The findings suggest that persons with forward head posture may be more prone to peripheral entrapments.
Acta Neurlogical Belgica, May 2018

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Office Work Risk Factors for Neck Pain.

Office workers have a very high rate of neck pain, but the relationship between symptoms and risk factors is unclear. A new study involving 763 office workers found a significant association between neck pain and working more than six hours per day on the computer, greater psychological distress, and reduced cervical range of motion.
Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy, March 2018

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Manual Therapy Can Change the Carpal Tunnel

Compression of the carpal tunnel can lead to wrist pain and numbness, which is known as carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). A recent study investigated the dimensional changes of the carpal tunnel during manual mobilisation of the carpal joints, a therapy often performed by Osteopaths in the management of CTS. Using ultrasound, investigators measured the carpal tunnel of 18 volunteers at rest and during manual mobilisation and discovered that mobilisation led to significant increases in the dimensions of the carpal tunnel.
Musculoskeletal Science & Practice, April 2018

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Risk Factors for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.

In this study, researchers compared questionnaire data and exam findings from 1,512 patients with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) and age-matched controls and found the following are risk factors for the condition: increasing age, smoking, past/current wrist injury, diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism, and work that places excessive force on the wrists. The findings suggest that lifestyle changes could go a long way to reduce the incidence of CTS.
Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine, March 2018

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Neuropathic Pain Common in Pregnant Women with Lumbopelvic Pain.

Neuropathic pain is often described as shooting or burning pain, which can resolve on its own or become chronic in nature. A recent study found that up to 37% of pregnant women with lumbopelvic pain also experience neuropathic pain. According to researchers, the presence of lumbopelvic pain increases the risk of neuropathic pain by about 600%! Further analysis showed that the combination of neuropathic pain and lumbopelvic pain can take a substantial toll on an expectant mother’s functional status as well as her quality of life.
European Journal of Rheumatology, March 2018

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